Born in Osaka. Given name Eiko. Studied with Kitano Tsunetomi, Ikeda Shoen, and Kikuchi Keigetsu. Later established the Chigusakai, teaching many students. Known as Japanese-style painter of women; exhibited at Bunten and Teiten. Woodblock bijin-ga published by Nishinomiya. Used the signature Chigusa with a long ovoid vertical seal.** Taken in whole, or in part, with permission from: Merritt, Helen and Nanako Yamada. Guide to Modern Japanese Woodblock Prints: 1900-1975. University of Hawaii Press: Honolulu. 1992.